How to recognize, create, and describe a geometric sequence (also called a geometric progression) using closed and recursive definitions. Formulas for calculating the Nth term, the sum of the first N terms, and the sum of an infinite number of terms are derived. Also describes approaches to solving problems based on Geometric Sequences and Series.
A geometric sequence is one in which any term divided by the previous term is a constant. This constant is called the common ratio of the sequence. The common ratio can be found by dividing any term in the sequence by the previous term. If a 1. is the initial term of a geometric sequence and r. is the common ratio, the sequence will be.